Landscape of the soul NCERT solution for class 11 Chapter 4, Explanation, Question and answers
Landscape of the soul by
Notice these expressions in the text, Infer their Meaning from the Content
A wonderful old tale is gold about the painter wu, Daozi who lived in the eight century his last painting was a landscape Commissioned by the Tang hidden his work behind a screen so only the Emperor admired the wonderful scene discovering forest high mountains waterfalls clouds floating an immense sky men on hilly paths birds in flight look sire” said the painter in this cave at the hands and the mountain dwells a spirit the painter clapped his hands and the entrance to the cave opened the inside is splendid beyond anything words can covey please let me show your majesty the way the painter entered the cave but the entrance closed behind him and before the astonished Emperor cloud move or utter a word the painting had vanished from the wall not a trance of we Daozi’s brush was left –and the artist was never seen again in this world , such stories played an important part in China’s classical education the books of confucius and Zhuangzi are full o of them they helped the master to guide his disciple in the right direction beyond the anecdote they are deeply revealing of the spirit in
Landscape of the soul
which art was considered Contrast this story –or another famous one about a painter who wouldn’t draw the eye of a dragon he had pained for fear it would fly out of the painting -with dragon he story from my native flanders that I find most representative of western painting
In fifteenth century Antwerp a master blacksmith called Quinten metsys fell in love with a painter’s daughter the father would not accept a son in law in such a profession so Quinten Sneaked into the painter’s studio and pained a fly on his latest panel with such Delicate realism that the master tried to swat it away before he realised what had happened Quinten was immediately admitted as an apprentice into his studio he married his beloved and went on to become one of the most Famous
painters of his age these two stories Illustrate what each form of art is trying to achieve” a perfect illusionistic likeness in Europe the essence of inner life and spirit in Asia In the Chinese story the Emperor Commission a painting and appreciates its outer appearance but the artist reveals to him the true Meaning of his work the Emperor may rule over the territory he has Conquered but only the artist known the way within let ,me show the way the Dao’s word that Means both the path or the method and the mysterious works of the Universe the painting is gone but the artist has reached his goal beyond any materials appearance,
A classical Chinese landscape is not mean to reproduce an actual view as would a western Figurative painting whereas the European painter wants you to borrow his eyes and looks at a particular landscape Exactly as he saw if from a specific angle the Chinese painter does not choose a single viewpoint his landscape is not a real one and you can enter it from any point then travel in it the artist creates a path for your eyes to travel up and down then back again in a leisurely Movement this is
even more true in the case of the Horizontal scroll In which the action of slowly opening one section of the painting then rolling it up to move on to the other adds a dimension of time which is Unknown In any other form of painting it also requires the active participation of the viewer who decides at what pace he will travel through the painting a participation which is physical as well as mental the Chinse painter does not want you to borrow his eyes, he wants you to enter his mind the landscape is an inner one”a spiritual and Conceptual space ,
This concept is expressed as shanshui, literally Mountain water which used together represent the word landscape More than two element of an image these represent two Complementary poles reflecting Daoist view of the Universe the mountain is yang –reaching vertically towards Heaven stable warm and dry in the sun while the water is yin Horizontal and resting on the earth fluid moist and cool the interaction of yin”
The receptive feminine aspects of universal energy and its counterpart yang active and masculine is of course a fundamental nation of Daoism what is often overlooked is an essential third element the middle void where their interaction takes place this can be compared with the yogic practice of
Pranayama , breathe In retain breathe out -the suspension of breath is the void where meditation occurs, the middle void is essential -nothing can happen without it hence the importance of the white unpainted space in chinese landscape
This is also where man finds a fundamental role in that space between Heaven and earth he comes the conduit of communication between both poles of the Universe his presence is essential even if it’s only suggested far from being lost or oppressed by the lofty speak he is In francols Cheng’s wonderful expression the eye of the landscape ”
[ except from landscape of the soul” Ethics and spirituality in Chinese painting slightly edited ]
|GETTING INSIDE “OUTSIDER ART|
when French painter Jean Dubuffet mooted the concept of art brut in the 1940s the art of the untrained visionary was of minority interest from its almost velled beginnings outsider art has gradually become the fastest growing area of interest in contemporary art internationally
This genre is described as the art of those who have no” right to be artists as they have received no formal training yet show talent and artistic insight their works are a stimulating contrast to a lot of mainstream offerings
Around the time dubuffet was propounding his concept In India an untutored genius was creating paradise” years ago the little patch of jungle that he began clearing to make himself a garden sculpted with stone and
Landscape of the soul”
A rock garden sculpture mode of broken bangles by Nek Chand recycled material is known to the world today as the Rock Garden at Chandigarh
Its 80-years old Creator-director Nek Chand is now halled as India’s biggest contributor to outsider art the fiftieth issue (Spring 2005 ) of Raw vision a Uk-based magazine pioneer in outsider art publucations features Nek Chand and his Rock Garden sculpture women by the waterfall on its anniversary issue’s over
The nation of art brut or raw art” was of works that were in their raw state as regards cultural and artistic influences anything and everything from a tin to a sink to a broken down car could be material for a week of art something Nek Chand has taken to dizzying heights Recognisng his art as an outtanding testimony of the difference a single man can make when he lives his dream
the swiss Commission for UNESCO will be honouring him by way of a European exposition of his works the five month interactive show Realm of Nek Chand beginning october will be held at leading Museums in swizerland Belgium France and Italy the biggest reward is walking through the garden and seeing people enjoy my creation Nek” says
Hindustan Times, “28 August 2005
Question and answers
Question:1 Briefly narrate the story of the Emperor and the Chinese artist?
Answer: In 8th century there was a painter whose name was wo Daozi, tang Emperor called wo Daozi and told him to decorate his palace wall wo Daozi made beautiful Mountains, tree valleys and caves when he showed the painting to Emperor the emperor wo Daozi told the emperor that inside that cave there is a spirit the painter clapped his hands and the entrance of the cave opened he entered that cave and the entrance closed behind him then the whole painting got vanished
Question:2 why did the artist agree to get his daughter married to the blacksmith ?
Answers: One day Quinten Metsys went into painter’s studio and painted a fly on his latest panel the painting was so Realistic that the master tired to swat it away the painter was so impressed with Quintin Metsys that he decided to marry his daughter with him,
Question:3 what is the difference between the Chinese and European art?
Answer: In European art the painter wants people to look at the painting by his point of view he wants that people should look at the painting according to his imagination. On the other hand if we talk about Chinese paintings so they are based on Imaginations, Inner or spiritual approach
Question:4 what do you understand by the term outsider art” or Art brut?”
Answer” Outsider art or art brunt refers to those artists who have no right to be artists as they have received no formal training yet show talent and artistic insight,
Question: 5 Explain the concept of Shanshui
Answer” shanshui Means Mountain water Mountain and water are used together to represent the word landscape the mountain is YANG which reaches the Heaven vertically stable warm and dry in the sun the water on the other hand is YIN Horizontally and resting on the earth it is moist and cool
Question:6 who was the Untutored genius who created paradise” and what is the nature of his contribution to art?
Answer: The untutored genius who created paradise was Nek Chand he was an 80 years old artist who made the world famous Rock garden at Chandigarh his art was an Outsider art in which he sculpted with stone and recycled Materials He used anything and everything to form an artistic piece from a tin to a sink and even a broken down car,
Question:7 what wonderful tale is gold about Wu Daozi? what light does it throw on the Chinese landscape ?
Answer: Tales about art and painting these reveal the spirit of Chinese art one such wonderful tale is gold about the painter Wu Daozi of the 8th century he was engaged by the emperor to decorate the palace walls Daozi worked behind a curtain he allowed only the emperor to see the landscape he was painting the king admired the beautiful trees and mountains drawn by the artist then he saw a cave in the painting and asked its Meaning the artist said that a spirit lived in the cave he clapped his hands and the cave opened Wu Daozi invited the king to enter it with him but the artist entered the cave the emperor was left wonderstruck while the artist entered the cave the left behind the cave door closed and the artist disappeared As if by Magic the whole wall painting also disappeared this story conveys that idea that only an artist understands true art, not the rulers he alone knowns the true Meaning of his work,
Question:8 How does the author contrast the Chinese view of art with the western Concept of painting? which one do you find easy to understand and Admire?
Answer: A Classical Chinese landscape does not stick very close to reality it leaves enough scope for the viewer to use his imagination the painting can be looked at from any angle and from any viewpoint one need not see it through the eyes of the painter the scroll on which the artist paints has white blank spaces left every painting it gives freedom to the viewer to travel up and down it captures the essence of the Inner life, A European or western painting on the other hand is realistic the painter wants you to look at it exactly as he has seen it from a particular angle it creates an illusion of delicate realism the story of Quinten in the 15th century illustrates this point clearly he entered a painter’s studio slyly and painted a fly on the artist’s blank canvas the artist mistook it for a real fly and tired to drive it away that story is representative of western painting