The Proposal class 10 chapter 11 English First Flight Explanations, Question and answers
The Proposal Class 10 English First Flight Lesson 11 – Detailed explanation of the lesson A literary marvel from Anton Chebukov, ‘The Proposal’ is the 11th First Flight book. It is included in the CBSE syllabus. Class 10 English The Proposal is based on the rich families scouting for other rich families to tie the knots of their children
The Proposal class 10 chapter 11 by
The Proposal class 10
The Proposal class 10 Introduction ”
The Proposal”(Originally titled A Marriage Proposal ) is a one-act play a farce by the Russian short-story writer and dramatist Anton Chekhov it was written in 1888-89 the play is about the tendency of wealthy families to seek ties with other wealthy families, to Increase their estates by encouraging marriages that make good economic sense Ivan Lomov a long time wealthy neighbor of Stepan Chubukov’s twenty-five years old daughter Natalya all three are quarrelsome people and they quarrel over petty issues the proposal is in danger of being forgotten amidst all this quarreling but economic good sense ensures that the proposal is made after all although the quarreling perhaps continues
The Proposal class 10 About the Author
Anton Chekov (29 January 1860-15 July 1904) was a Russian playwright and short-story writer who is considered to be among the greatest writers of short fiction in history his career as a playwright produced four classics and his best short stories are held in high esteem by writers and critics Chekhov Practiced as a medical doctor throughout most of his literary career Medicine is my lawful wife” he once said” and literature is my mistress”
The Proposal class 10 characters
- Lomov –-Lomov is a land owner in Russia
- Natalya –The dramatis portrays Natalya more as a character who with Lomov helps to develop the middle and comic scenes of the play
- Chubukov — Chubukov is delineated as Natalya’s father
Main Points of the lesson
- Lomov and Chubukov are both neighbours and landlords
- Lomov comes to Chubukov with a proposal of marriage with Chubukov’s daughter Natalya
- Lomov is 35 and wants to lead a peaceful married life
- he thinks that Natalya is an excellent housekeeper and not bad looking
- he is excited and forgets the purpose of his visit
- he starts quarrelling with her over Meadows
- Natalya opposes Lomov and claim that Oxen Meadows belong to them
- Lomov is ready to show the documents to prove his ownership of Oxen Meadows
- He is ready to make Oxen Meadows a present to her
- Chubukov enters and adds fuel to the fire.
Theme of the lesson
This play is a farce written somewhere between 1888 to 1889 by Anton Chekov the play is about the tendency of wealthy families to seek Matrimonial ties it is a satire of the landowning class in 19th century Russia the drama display the greed of rich families to marry their children into other wealthy families with the aim of enhancing their wealth
The Proposal class 10 lesson Explanation”
A drawing-room in Chubokov’s house
Lomov enters: wearing a dress jacket and white gloves Chubukov rises to meet him
Chubukov: My dear fellow who do I see Ivan vassilevitch! I am extremely glad! [squeezes hand ] Now this is a surprise my darling ..how are you?
Lomov: Thank you and how may you be getting on?
Chubukov: we just get along somehow my angel thanks for your prayers and so on sit down please do..now you know you shouldn’t forget all about your neighbors my darling my dear fellow why are you so formal in your get-up! Evening dress gloves and so on can you be going anywhere my treasure?
Lomov: No I” ve come only to see you honored Stepan stepanovitch,,,,,,
Chubukov:Then why are you in evening dress my precious ? as if you’re paying a new year’s Eve visit !
Lomov: well you see it’s like this [takes his arm] I’ve come to you honored Stepan .stapanvitch to trouble you with a request Not once or twice have I already had the privilege of applying to you for help and you have always so to speak …I must ask your pardon I am getting excited I shall drink some water honored Stepan stepanovitch [ Drinks ]
Chubukov: [aside] He’s come to borrow money shan’t give him any! [aloud] what is it. my beauty?
Lomov: You see Honoured stepanitch …I beg pardon Stepan honor itch …I mean I’m excited as you will please notice ..in short, you alone can help me though I don’t deserve it of course and haven’t any right to count on your assistance.
Chubukov: Oh don’t go round and round It darling spit it out! well? One moment this very minute the fact is I”ve come to ask the hand of your daughter Natalya Stepanova In marriage.
Chubukov: [joyfully ] by jove ! Ivan vassilevitch ! say it again I didn’t hear it all !
Lomov : I have the honour to ask ..
Chubukov: [Interrupting ] my dear fellow. I am so glad and so on yes indeed and all that sort of thing [Embraces It’s been my Lomov ] I”ve been hoping for it for a long time It’s been my continual desire [sheds a tear] and I’ve always loved you, my angel, as if you were my son may God give you both his help and his love and so on and so much hope.. what am I behaving in this idiotic way for? I’m off my balance with joy absolutely off my balance On with all my soul I’II go and call Natasha and all that
The Proposal class 10
Lomov: [greatly moved ] honoured stepan stepanovitch . do you think I may count on her consent ?
Chubukov: why of course, my darling and as she won’t consent ! she’s in love egad she’s like a lovesick cat and so on shan’t be long ! [Exit ].
Lomov: It’s cold I’m trembling all over just as if I’d got an examination before me the great thing is I must have my mind made up if I give myself time to think to hesitate to talk a lot to look for an ideal or for real love then I’II never get married brr it’s cold Natalya
Stepanova is an excellent housekeeper not bad-looking well educated what more do I want? but I’m getting a noise in my cars from excitement [drinks] and it’s impossible for me not to marry In the first place I’m already 35 a lead a quiet and regular life I suffer from palpitations I’m excitable and always getting upset at this very moment my lips are trembling and there’s a twitch in my right eyebrow but she very worst of all is the way I sleep I no sooner get into bed and begin to go off when suddenly something in my left side gives a pull and I can feel it in my shoulder and head I Jump up like a lunatic walk about a bit and lie down again but as soon as I begin to get off to sleep there’s another pull ! and this may happen twenty times [Natalya Stepanova comes in ].
Natalya: well there ! it’s you and papa said Go” there ‘s a Merchant come for his goods how do you do Ivan Vassilevitch ?
Lomov: How do you do honoured Natalya stepanovna?
Natalya : you must excuse my apron and neglige we’re shelling peas for drying why haven’t you been here for such a long time ? sit down ..[they seat themselves ] won’t you have some lunch ?
Lomov: No thank you I’ve had some already
Natalya: Then smoke here are the Matches the weather is splendid now but yesterday it was so wet that the workmen didn’t do anything all day how much hay have you stacked? just think I felt greedy and had a whole field cut and now I’m not at all pleased about it because I’m afraid my hay may rot. I ought to have waited a bit but what’s this? why you’re in evening dress! well, I never ! are you going to a ball or what? thought I must say you look better to tell me why are you got up like that?
Lomov: [Excited ] you see honoured Natalya stepanovna .. the fact is I’ve made up my mind to ask you to hear me out of course you’II be surprised and perhaps even angry but a [outside ] it’s awfully cold !
Natalya : what’s the matter ? [ pause] well ?
Lomov: I shall try to be brief you must know honored Natalya Stepanova that I have since my childhood. had the privilege of knowing your family my late aunt and her husband from whom as you know I Inherited my land had the greatest respect for your father and your late mother the Lomovs and the Chubukovs have always had the most friendly and I might almost say the most affectionate regard for each other and as you know my land is a near neighbor of yours you will remember that my Oxen Meadows touch your birchwoods
Natalya : Excuse my interrupting you, you say my Oxen Meadows but are they yours ?
Lomov: yes Mine
Natalya : what are you taking about ? Oxen Meadows are ours not yours !
Lomov: No mine honoured Natalya stepanovna
Natalya : well I never knew that before how do you make that out ?
Lomov: How ? I’m speaking of those Oxen Meadows which are wedged in between your birchwoods and the burnt Marsh
Natalya : Yes , yes they’re ours
Lomov: No you’re mistaken honoured Natalya stepanovna they’re mine
Natalya : just think Ivan vasslievitch ! how long have they been yours ?
Lomov: How long ? as long as I can remeber
Natalya: Really you won’t get me to believe that !
Lomov: but you can see from the documents honored Natalya stepnanovan oxen Meadows it’s true where once the subject of dispute but now everybody knows that day they are mine there’s nothing to argue about you see me aunt’s grandmother gave the free use of these Meadows in perpetuity to the peasant of your father’s grandfather’s in written for which they were to make bricks for her the peasant belonging to your father’s grandfathers had the three use of meadows for 40 years and had got into the habit of regarding them as their own when it happened that.
Natalya : no it is isn’t at all like that both grandfather and great-grandfather reckoned that their land extended to burnt marsh which means that Oxen Meadows were ours don’t see what there is no to argue about it’s simply silly !
Lomov: I”II show you the documents Natalya stepanvona !
Natalya: No you’re simply joking or making fun of me what a surprise we’ve had the land for nearly three hundred years, and then we’re suddenly told that it Isn’t ours Ivan Vassilevitch I can hardly believe my ears these Meadows aren’t worth much to me they only come to five destinations and are worth Perhaps 300 roubles but I can’t stand unfairness say what you will I can’t stand Unfairness
Lomov: Hear me out, I Implore you! the peasants of your father’s grandfather, as I have already had the honor of explaining to you used to bake bricks for my aunt’s grandmother Now my aunt’s grandmother. wishing to make them pleasant …
The Proposal class 10
Natalya: I can’t make head or tail of this about aunts and grandfather and grandmother .the Meadows are ours that’s all
Lomov: Mine .
Natalya: Ours! you can go on proving it for two days on end you can go and put on fifteen dress Jackets , but I tell you they’re ours, ours! I don’t want anything of yours and don’t want to give anything of mine . so there !
Lomov: Natalya Stepanovan .I don’t want the Meadows but I am acting on principle if you like, I’II make you a present of them
Natalya: I can make you a present of them myself because they’re mine! your behavior, Ivan Vassilevitch, is strange, to say the least! up to this, we have always thought of you as a good neighbor a friend last year we lent you our threshing Machine although on that account we had to put off our threshing till November, you behave to us as if we were gypsies. Giving me my own land Indeed! no, really that’s not at all neighborly! in my opinion, it’s even impudent , if you want to know
Lomov: then you make out that I’m a landgraber? Madam never in my life have I grabbed anybody else’s land and I shan’t allow anybody to accuse me of having done so [ Quickly steps to the carafe and drinks more water ] Oxen Meadows are mine !
Natalya : it’s not true , they’re ours !
Lomov: Mine !
Natalya: it’s not true ! I’II prove it! I’II send my mowers out to the Meadows this day !
Natalya: my mowers will be there very day !
Lomov: I”II give it to them in the neck!
Natalya: you dare!
Lomov: [clutches at his heart ] Oxen Meadows are mine! you understand ? Mine !
Natalya: Please don’t shout! you can shout yourself hoarse in your own house but here I must ask you to restrain yourself!
Lomov: It if wasn’t madam for this awful excruciating palpitation if my whole inside wasn’t upset I’d talk to you in a different way! [yells] Oxen Meadows are mine !
Lomov: Mine! [ Enter Chubukov]
Chubukov: what’s the matter ? what are you shouting for ?
Natalya: papa, please tell this gentleman who owns Oxen Meadows we or he ?
Chubukov: [to Lomov ] Darling the Meadows are ours!
Lomov: but, please stepan stepanovitch how can they be yours? do be a reasonable Man! my aunt’s grandmother gave the meadows for the temporary and free use of your grandfather’s peasant the peasant used the land for forty years and got accustomed to it as if was their own, when it happened that..
Chubukov: Excuse me my precious. you forget just this that the peasants didn’t pay your grandmother and all that because the meadows were in dispute and so on and now everybody knows that they’re ours. it means that you haven’t seen the plan .
Lomov: I”II prove to you that they’re mine!
Chubulov: you won’t prove it my darling ..
Lomov: I shall
Chubukov: Dear one why yell like that ? you won’t prove anything just by yelling I don’t want anything of your and don’t intend to give up what I have why should I? and you know my beloved that if you propose to go on arguing about it I’d much sooner give up the meadows to the peasants than to you. there !
Lomov: I don’t understand how have you the right to give away somebody else’s property ?
Chubukov: you may take it that I know whether I have the right or not. because young man I’m not used to being spoken to in that tone of voice and so on I young man am twice your age, and ask you want me to talk to you calmly and politely ! good neigbhour don’t behave like that, stepan stapanovitch ! you’re not a neigbhour you’re a grabber!
Chubukov: what’s that? what did you say?
Natalya: papa, send the mowers out of the meadows at once!
Chubukov: what did you say, sir ?
Natalya: Oxen meadows are ours, and I shan’t give them up shan’t give them up shan’t give up !
Lomov: we’II see! I’II have the matter taken to court, and then I’II show you!
Chubukov: To court ? you can take it to court and all that ! you can ! I know you, you’re just on the look-out for a chance to go to court, and all that. you pettifogger ! all your people were like that ! all of them !
Lomov: never mind about my people! the Lomovs have all been honourable, like your grandfather!
Chubukov: you Lomovs have bad lunacy in your family, all of you !
Natalya: All.all , all!
Chubukov:your grandfather was a drunkrad, and your younger aunt natalya Mihailovna ran away with an architectt, and so on..
Lomov: and your mother was hump-backed ..[Clutches at his heart] something pulling in my side .. my head .. help water !
Chubukov: your father was a guzzling gambler!
Natalya: And there haven’t been many backbiters to equal your aunt!
Chubukov: my left foot has gone to sleep .. you’re an intriguer ..Oh my heart! and it’s an open secret that before the last elections you bri.. I can see starts.. where’s my hat ?
Natalya: It’s low! it’s dishonest! it’s mean!
Chubukov: And you’re just a Malicious doublefaced intriguer! yes !
Lomov: here’s my hat .my hear! which way? where’s the door ? Oh I think I’m dying! my foot’s quite numb ….. [Goes to the door]
Chubukov: [Following him] And don’t set foot in my house again !
Natalya: Take it to Court! we’II see! [Lomov stagger out]
Chubukov: Devil take him ! [what about in excitement ]
Natalya: what a rascal! what trust can one have in one’s neigbhours after that !
Chubukov: The villain! the scarecrow!
Natalya: The monster! first he takes our land and then he has the Impudence to abuse us
Chubukov: And that blind hen yes, that turnip-ghost has the confounded cheek to make proposal and so on! what ? A Proposal!
Natalya: what Proposal !
Chubukov: why he came here to Propose to you
Natalya: To propose? to me? why didn’t you tell me so before?
Chubukov: so he dresses up in evening clothes the stuffed sasuage ! the wizen-faced frump!
Natalya: To propose to me? Ah! Falls into an easy-chair and walls bring him back! .back! Ah! bring here
Chubukov: bring whom here?
Natalya: Quick, quick I’m ill! fetch him! [Hysterics]
Chubukov: what’s that? what’s the matter with you? [Clutches at his head] Oh. unhappy man that I am! I’II shoot myself! I”II hang myself! we ‘ve done for her!
Natalya: I’m dying! Fetch him
Chubukov: Too At once. don’t yell [Rus out A pause]
Natalya: [Natalya Stepanovna wails] what have they done to me ? Fetch him back fetch him [A pause Chubukov runs in ]
Chubukov: He’s coming and so on devil take him out talk to him yourself , don’t want to ..
Natalya: [wails] fetch him
Chubukov: [yells] He’s coming I tell you. Oh, what a burden Lord to be the father of a grow up daughter! I’II cut my throat I will, Indeed! we cursed him , abused him drove him out and it’s all you.. you!
Natalya: Not it was you
Chubukov: I tell you it’s not my fault [Lomov appears at the door] now you talk to him yourself [Exit]
Lomov: No, it was you
Chubukov: [Lomovs enters, Exhausted] my heart’s palpitating awfully my toot’s gone to sleep there’s something that keeps Pulling in my side..
Natalya: Forgive us, Ivan Vassilevitch, we were all a little heated I remember now Oxen Meadows really are yours
Lomov: My heart’s beatting awfully.my meadows.. my eyebrows are both twitching ..
Natalya: The meadows are yours, yes yours Do sit down [they sit] we were wrong
Lomov: I did It on Principle, my land is worth little to me but the Principle
Natalya: Yes, the Principle just so Now let’s talk of something else the more so as have evidence my aunt’s grandmother gave the land to your father’s grandfather’s peasant .. yes, yes let that pass [aside] I wish I knew how to get him started [aloud] are you going to start shooting soon?
Lomov: I’m thinking of having a go at the blackcock, honoured Natalya Stepanovna after the harvest Oh, have you heard? just think what a Misfortune I’ve have you Cuss, who you know has gonc lamc,
Natalya: what a pity! why?
Lomov: I don’t know Must have got his leg twisted or bitten by some other dog .[sights] my very best dog to say nothing of the expense I gave Mironov 125 roubles for him
Natalya: It was too much Ivan Vassilevitch
Lomov: I think it was very cheap he’s first-rate dog
Natalya: papa gave 85 roubles for his squeezer, and squeezer is heaps better than Guess!
Lomov: squeezer better than Guess? what an idea! [aughs] squeezer better than Guess!
Natalya: of course he’s better! of course squeezer is young he may develop a bit but on points and pedigree he’s better than anything that even Volchanetsky has got.
Lomov: Excuse me.Natalya Stepanovna, but you forget that he is overshot and an overshoot always means the dog is a bad hundred!
Natalya: Overshot, is he? the first time I hear it!
Lomov: I assure you that his lower jaw is shorter than the upper
Natalya: Have you Measure?
Lomov: Yes’ he’s all right of following of course but if you want to get hold of anything
Natalya: In the first place our squeezer is a thoroughbred animal the son of harness and chisels while there’s no getting at the pedigree of your dog at all II’e’s old and as ugly as a worn-out can-horse
Lomov: He is old but I wouldn’t take five Squeezers for him why how can you? Guess is a dog as for Squeezer well it’s too funny to argue anybody you like has a dog as good as squeezer .. you may find them under every bush almost twenty-five roubles would be a handsome price to pay for him
Natalya: There’s some demon of contradiction in you today, Ivan Vaasilevitch first you pretend that the Meadows are your’s now that Guess is better than squeezer I don’t like people who don’t say what they mean, because you know perfectly well that squeezer is a hundred times better than your silly Guess why do you want to say he Isn’t?
The Proposal class 10 Question and Answers
Question”1 what does Chubukov at first suspect that Lomov has come for ? is he sincere when he later says’ and I’ve always loved you angel, as if you were my own son”? find reasons for your answer from the play
Answer” At first, Chubukov suspected that Lomov had to borrow money. he was not sincere when he told Lomov that he had always loved him and that he was like his own son, he had decided that he would not give Lomov if he tried borrowing from him, if he truly mean what he had said, then he would not have thought of not giving him money, he said so only because Lomov had come with the proposal to marry his daughter
Question”2 Chubukov says Natalya”… as if she won’t consent! she’s love, egad she’s like a lovesick cat” would you agree ? find reasons for your answer
Answer” Chubukov thought that Lomov was a good marriage prospect for his daughter . he had been waiting for this proposal, when Expressed his doubt regarding Natalya’s consent to the proposal, chubukov immediately told him lomov at any point in the play, it seemed like she was more attached to her land, meadows and dogs than to lomov .in fact , the way they kept getting into arguments about trival matters suggest that neither lomov nor Natalya was in love with the other.
Question”3 Find all the words and expression in the play that the characters use to speak about each other, and the accusation and insults they hurt a each other (for example” lomov in the end calls Chubukov an intriguer” again lomov begin by describing Natalya as “an excellent housekeeper, not bad-looking well educated”)
Answer” several words and expression have been used by the characters to describe each other some of them are as follow:
Chubukov: Grabber, Intriguer , old rat, jesuit
Natalya: a lovesick cat, an excellent, housekeeper, not bad-looking well-educated
Lomov: a good neigbhour ,a friend ‘ Impudent pettifogger, a mailcious, double-faced Intriguer, racial blind hen, turnip-ghost a villain, a scarecrow, monster, the stuffed sasuage the wizen-faced frump, boy pup, Milkop “fool
The Proposal class 10 Extra Question and answer
Question”1 How does Chubukov react when Lomov says he has come to ask for the hand of his daughter?
Answer” when Chubukov came to know that the reason of Lomov’s coming to their house is to marry Natalya he was overwhelmed with joy. he embraced and kissed Lomov and told him that he was hoping for it for a long time he told lomov that he always loved him as if he was his own son
Question”2 why does the proposal remain unmade during Lomov’s first visit?
Answer” The Proposal remains unmade during Lomov’s first visit because Lomov is very much nervous and excitable he beats about the bush when Natalya comes Lomov begins to quarrel with her about a piece of land he gets very much excited and leaves the room cursing and threating the old man and his daughter. Natalya he forgets all about the proposal
Question”3 How does Chubukov join the quarrel between Natalya and Lomov?
Answer” Chubukov comes in and finds Natalya and Lomov quarelling when he finds that they are arguing about the ownership of the Oxed Meadows he also becomes angry Instead of calming them down. he also starts quarelling . he claims to be owner of the Meadows, he also starts only Lomov but also his ancestors
Question”4 what is the cause of the second quarrel between Natalya and Lomov?
Answer” Lomov starts Praising the qualities of the dog Guess .but Natalya says that her dog squeezer which she purchased for 85 roubles is much better that Lomov’s dog Guess of them Praise the qualities of their dogs now they starts quarelling on this topic. they again start shouting at each other.
Question”5 why is Lomov anxious to marry Natalya?
Answer” Lomov wants to settle the question of his marriage at once he thinks that now he should delay. he thinks about Natalya she is a killed house-keeper she is educated and is not bad to look at, At this age he should not expect a better girl than her. he is suffering from some serious disease .because of these reasons, he is anxious to marry Natalya”
The Proposal class 10 MCQ’s Question and answer
Question”1 what was the topic of the second argument ?
- The land
- The Proposal
- The dogs
- None of these
Question”2 who is the writer of the play ” the proposal
- Carolyn wells
- Anton Chekov
- Robin Klein
- Robert Frost
Question”3 why was Natalya arguing about the land?
- she can’t stand unfairness
- it was worth a lot
- she was Jealous of Lomov
- all of the above
Question”4 who does Chubukov call a”lovesick cat?
- His maid
Question”5 who threatened to take the matter to court?
- None of these
Question”6 why did Chubukov think it was a curse to be father of a grown up daughter?
- He had to go to call the man they had just shout out
- He had to go call the man who shouted at them
- He had to go to call the man who Insulted them
- All of the above
Question”7 what request did Chubukov think Lomov would make ?
- borrow land
- borrow money
- ask for her daughter’s hand in marriage
- all of the above
Question”8 ” And it’s Impossible for me not to marry” why does he say so ?
- He has troubled sleep
- He’s 35 already
- He suffer from Palpitations
- All of the above
Question”9 why was Lomov wearing his evening dress?
- To pay New year Eve’s visit
- Borrow money
- Borrow land
- ask for his daughter’s hand in marriage
Question”10 where do Lomov and Natalya get on the wrong foot?
- while talking about their family relations
- while the proposal
- while talking about the weather
- while talking about their land