What is corporate Accounting?

What is corporate Accounting?

Corporate accounting refers to the process of recording, and reporting the financial transactions and activities of a business organization. It tracks money moving in and out of the company, as well as its assets, liabilities, and finances.

The main purpose of the company’s financial statements is to provide accurate and transparent financial information

that helps stakeholders, such as investors, managers, and government regulators, make informed decisions about the company’s performance and financial health.

Concept of Goodwill-Valuation of Goodwill and Shares Advanced

Concept of Goodwill

when one company buys another company. the purchasing company may py more for the acquired company than the fair market value of its net

Identifiable assets (Tangible assets plus Identifiable intangible, net of any liabilities assumed by the purchaser) the amount by which the purchase price exceeds the fair value of the net

Identifiable assets is recorded as an asset of the acquiring company. Although sometimes reported on the balance sheet with a descriptive title such as ”ecess of acquisition cost over net assets acuires’ the amount is customarily called goodwill.

Importance of Corporate Accounting

  1. Registered companies are required to publish their accounts to the relevant regulator – in India this would be SEBI or the Securities & Exchange Bureau.
  2. Financial institutions help businesses maintain these financial records in accordance with the country’s laws and regulations.
  3. Business finance helps companies communicate important financial information to stakeholders.
  4. It is the foundation of financial management that helps managers make smart business decisions.

Corporate accounting syllabus

  1. Annual accounts: Balance Sheet, Income Statement, Cash Flow Statement.
  2. Asset accounting: fixed assets, current assets, intangible assets.
  3. Accounting for liabilities: Short-term liabilities, long-term liabilities, contingent liabilities.
  4. Equity: Common stock, preferred stock, retained earnings.
  5. Financial Analysis and Interpretation: Ratio analysis, trend analysis, comparative analysis.
  6. Group accounting: Accounting for subsidiaries, joint ventures, and associate companies.
  7. Corporate restructuring: Mergers, acquisitions, consolidations, splits.
  8. Corporate governance and ethics: Board roles and responsibilities, disclosure requirements.
  9. International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP).
  10. Corporate Taxation: Tax Planning, Tax Compliance, Tax Accounting.

Note: The syllabus of Corporate Accounting can be changed According to different universities.

What is the difference between corporate accounting and general accounting?

Business accounting:

Business accounting is specifically concerned with the financial activities of companies or businesses.

This includes preparing financial statements, such as balance sheets, income statements and cash statements, tailored to the needs of shareholders, investors and administrative rules.

Corporate governance also includes handling complex transactions such as mergers, acquisitions, share issues and dividends.

It focuses on compliance with the company’s specific business standards and regulations, such as Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) or International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS).

Business people often work in the finance department of large companies or corporations.
General account:

General accounting,

on the other hand, encompasses the breadth of accounting that applies to many types of organizations, including corporations, individuals, government agencies, and nonprofits.

This includes bookkeeping, bookkeeping, preparing financial statements, and analyzing financial data to help make decisions.

General accounting includes accounting principles and practices common in many organizations, such as double-entry bookkeeping, accrual accounting, and financial analysis.

Professionals in accounting positions may work for public accounting firms, private companies, government agencies, or independent consultants serving clients in a wide range of industries.

Trading Profit/ business profit/Recurring profit /Normal profit (of past year)

Less:Non-recurring Income (i:e profit and sale of investment/assets) 1st year 2nd year 3rd year
Net profit before Adjustment and tax xxxxxx
Less: Non-trading Income
(I:e Income from investment asset )
Less: Non-recurring Income (i:e profit and sale of investment/assets) xxxxxx
Add: Non-recurring loss (i:e loss on sale of investment /assets )xxxxxx
Trading profit after adjustment and before tax. xxxxxx

Illustration: 1

Company X acquires all the assets of Company Y, giving Company Y 15 lakh cash. company Y has cash of Rs 50,000 accounts receivable that are believed to have a reliable value of Rs, 60,000 and other identifiable assets that are estimated to have a current market value of Rs 11 lakhs.

Particular Rs Rs
Total purchase price 15,00,000
Cash acquired 50,000
Accounts receivable 60,000
Other identifiable assets (estimated )11,00,000
Goodwill 12,10,000

This extra amount of Rs, 2,90,000 paid over the above, Net worth Rs 12,10,000 is goodwill, which is a capital loss for the purchasing company and to be shown on the assets side of the balance sheet.

Corporate accounting Question paper

  1. Examveda
  2. Question Papers Hub

NOTE: Through this website, you can get question papers on Corporate Accounting


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