NCERT Solution for class 11 Recording of transactions-1

Accontancy class 11 Chapter 3 Recording of Transactions – 1

Accountancy Class 11 Recording of Transactions 1 taken from NCERT Book In this article their is full information about the chapter 3 Accountancy ,,Please read full information carefully here.

Recording of Transactions -1 Intoduction

In Class 11 Accountancy, “Recording of Transactions – 1” serves as an introduction to fundamental accounting principles. It lays the groundwork for understanding how financial transactions are recorded systematically. The chapter covers concepts like transactions, source documents, vouchers, and the accounting equation. Students learn the importance of accurately documenting business activities and how these records form the basis for financial statements. This foundational knowledge sets the stage for a comprehensive understanding of accounting principles and practices

Recording Transaction -1 Important Points
  1. Transactions: Introduction to financial transactions as economic events that impact a business’s financial position.
  2. Source Documents: Understanding the importance of source documents (invoices, receipts) in recording transactions accurately.
  3. Vouchers: Explanation of vouchers as documentary evidence supporting transactions, aiding in proper bookkeeping.
  4. Accounting Equation: Introduction to the fundamental accounting equation (Assets = Liabilities + Owner’s Equity) as the basis for recording transactions.
  5. Dual Aspect Concept: Emphasis on the dual aspect concept, stating that every transaction has two aspects—debit and credit.
  6. Rules of Debit and Credit: Understanding the rules governing debits and credits for different types of accounts (real, personal, and nominal).
  7. Types of Accounts: Differentiating between personal, real, and nominal accounts, each treated differently in terms of debits and credits.
  8. Journal Entry: Basics of recording transactions through journal entries, documenting the dual aspect of each transaction.
Recording Transaction-1 Question and Answer

Question 1: What is the significance of source documents in accounting?

Answer: Source documents, such as invoices and receipts, provide tangible evidence of financial transactions. They serve as a basis for recording accurate and reliable information in accounting.

Question 2: Explain the accounting equation and its components.

Answer: The accounting equation is Assets = Liabilities + Owner’s Equity. It represents the fundamental relationship between a company’s resources (assets), its obligations (liabilities), and the owner’s investment in the business (owner’s equity).

Question 3: How does the dual aspect concept apply to accounting transactions?

Answer: The dual aspect concept states that every transaction has two aspects—debit and credit. For every debit entry, there must be a corresponding credit entry, ensuring that the accounting equation remains balanced.

Question 4: Differentiate between real, personal, and nominal accounts.

Answer: Real accounts deal with assets and liabilities, personal accounts involve individuals or entities, and nominal accounts pertain to revenues, expenses, gains, and losses. Each type of account follows specific rules for debits and credits.

Question 5: What is the purpose of a journal entry in accounting?

Answer: A journal entry is the recording of a financial transaction in the accounting journal. It documents the dual aspect of each transaction, showing which accounts are debited and credited.

Question 6: How does posting to the ledger contribute to the accounting process?

Answer: Posting involves transferring information from the journal to the ledger, organizing transactions by account. It helps maintain a systematic and detailed record of each account’s balance.

Question 7: Explain the role of a trial balance in accounting.

Answer: A trial balance is a statement listing the balances of all ledger accounts to ensure they are mathematically equal. It serves as a tool for verifying the accuracy of accounting records before preparing financial statements.

Recording Transactions-1 class 11 Exam level 5 Question and Answer

Question 1: Define the dual aspect concept in accounting and provide an example. Answer: The dual aspect concept states that every transaction has two aspects—debit and credit. For example, if a business purchases goods for cash, it would record a debit entry in the Purchases account and a credit entry in the Cash account.

Question 2: Discuss the role of source documents in the accounting process. Provide two examples of source documents. Answer: Source documents are essential in accounting as they provide evidence of financial transactions. Examples include invoices (for sales) and receipts (for cash transactions). They serve as the foundation for accurate record-keeping.

Question 3: Explain the difference between real and nominal accounts. Provide one example of each. Answer: Real accounts deal with assets and liabilities, representing tangible aspects of a business. For instance, the Furniture account is a real account. Nominal accounts, on the other hand, relate to revenues, expenses, gains, and losses. An example is the Rent Expense account.

Question 4: Outline the steps involved in the journalizing and posting process. Answer: Journalizing involves recording transactions in the journal, specifying the accounts debited and credited. Posting follows, where entries are transferred from the journal to the respective ledger accounts. This ensures systematic record-keeping.

Question 5: Prepare a sample journal entry for the following transaction: Sold goods on credit to XYZ Ltd. for $5,000.


Date particular Dr Cr
Accounts Receivable (XYZ Ltd.)5,000
Sales 5,000
Question:6 On January 1, 2023, ABC Ltd. started a business with an investment of ₹.50,000 in cash. Record this transaction.

Answer :

Date Particular DrCr
01/01/2023Cash 50,000
01/01/2023Capital 50,000

Question:7 On January 5, 2023, ABC Ltd. purchased office supplies on credit for ₹2,000. Record the journal entry


Date particular DrCr
05/01/2023Office Supplies (Asset)20,00
05/01/2023Accounts Payable20,00


In conclusion, “Recording of Transactions – 1” in Class 11 Accountancy introduces fundamental concepts like the dual aspect, source documents, and the accounting equation. Students learn to journalize transactions, post them to ledgers, and create a trial balance for accuracy. This foundational chapter sets the stage for comprehensive accounting practices, emphasizing the systematic recording of financial activities to maintain a balanced and reliable record.


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