Letter Writing class 11 Important Formats

Letter Writing class 11 Important Formats

Letter writing is an important channel of communication between people who are geographically distant from one another In, earlier times when the telephone and -e-mail were not available the only Means of communication between people was through letters,

Letters writing is a skill that has to be developed In general there are two types of letters formal that are written to convey official business and information and Informal which are personal letters to communication with friends and family formal letters are sent out when we need to write to various public bodies or agencies for our requirements In civic life, for Example” we might have to ask for a certificate or to Inform a change in our address A letter is usually one in a series of exchanges between two people or parties”

Formal Letters

Let us now examine some of the steps in writing formal letters”

  1. Introduction oneself if it is the firs time you are writing
    1. Referring to an earlier letter if you are responding to it,
  2. Stating the purpose of the letter
  3. stating action/ Information required from the addressee
    1. Explaining action taken / supplying Information
  4. Urging action to be taken
    1. Offering assistance in future

This is the basic structure of a letter It will have to be modified according to the purpose for which it is written and the person to whom it is addressed

When you write a letter you should keep in mind the following points,

  1. Purpose
  2. person to whom it is addressed
  3. Tone you should adopt
  4. Completeness of the message
  5. Action required
  6. Conciseness of Expression

We have so far considered the content of letters A letter A letter also has a typical format

  1. Name and address of sender , companies have printed letterheads with the name of the company printed on them A letterhead may also carry the name and designation of person in responsible positions
  2. Name and address of addressee
  3. Date
  4. Mode of address or salutation , salutation is the mode of addressing a person we may have the following forms,
    1. Dear sir / Madam / (when we are writing to a total stranger whom we do not know at all)
    2. Dear Mr/ (Ms/Dr/ professor+surname as in” Dear Dr, sinha/ (when it is a formal relationship with the addressee and the writer does not know him or her personally)
    3. Dear sujata (when the writer knowns the addressee personally and the two share a semi-formal relationship )
  5. Reference to previous correspondence if any , Most official letters carry a subject line just above the salutation this is for quick reference to the subject ,
  6. Content of letter, the content of the letter beings on the next line and is arranged in two or three paragraphs
  7. Complimentary close and signature, Letters usually end politely with the following phases, thank you with regards with best wishes hope to see,

You soon hope to receive an early reply etc, the complimentary close is followed by Yours sincerely/ your truly” and the writer’s signature in the next line

Give below is an example” of the format of a formal letter,

letter writing class 11
Letter Writing

Nowadays all the parts of a letter are aligned on the left, this style is called the full-black style

  • The date and signature are very important in letters
  • we do not use commas after every line in the address
  • Do not begin your letters with hackneyed expression like” with reference to your letter dated 10 january Instead use personalised variations like” I was glad to receive your letter of 10 January —or we were happy to note from your letter that the goods have reached you safely
  • Never end your letters with hanging participles like thanking you”or Awaiting your reply Instead write thank you” or we” / I await/ look forward to your reply
Informal Letters
Informal Letter class 11
Informal Letter

Informal letters Include personal letters, if it is a personal letter the format is flexible we might Just write the of our city on top followed by the date,

The Flexible format of the Informal letter may also be used to seek information from concerned authorities, Given below is an example,

Informal letter Example class 11

Given below is the format of the informal letter,

  • Your address (but not your name ) usually goes in the top right-hand corner but may go on the left too
  • The name and / or job little ( if you known them ) and the address of the person you are writing to goes on the left
  • To address someone whose name you do not know you can write Dear, sir Madam, Dear, sirs / Madam
  • To address someone by name use their title and surname E. g Dear Dr Balakrishan
  • To end a letter use your sincerely if you have addressed the person by name ” yours faithfully if you have began the letter with Dear” sir, or madam etc,
Job Application

At some point of time each one of us will have to apply for a job ,job applications are usually written in response to advertisement Let us take this sample advertisement from a daily newspaper the Hinds dated 15 December 2005

job Application
job Application

Let us assume that you have a degree or a diploma and are applying for the job we need to prepare a resume which actually Means a summary of particulars relating to your background academic qualifications and experience if any other terms used for resume are” curriculum vitae and biodata,

The general format of a resume or curriculum vitae is shown below

class 11 Letter writing
Curriculumm vitate

Now we need to send a covering letter along with the curriculum vitae, the following letter is an example

letter writing class 11
Convering letter

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