Social Science Official sample paper for Term-1 class 10 (2023-2024) full solution

Social science class 10 sample paper solution

Sample Question Paper 2023-2024





General Instructions”

  1. The Question paper Contains four sections
  2. section A has 24 Question Attempt any 20 Questions
  3. section B has 22 Question Attempt any 18 Question
  4. Section c has 12 Question (case based ) Attempt any 5 Question per case
  5. Section D contains 2 map based Question Attempt both the Questions
  6. All Question carry equal marks
  7. There is no negative marking ;


(Attempt any 20 out of 24 Questions)

Question”1 who among the following was the founder of “young Europe” underground secret society in Berne?”

  1. Giuseppe Garibaldi
  2. Giuseppe Mazzini
  3. Count Cavour
  4. Otto von Bismark

Question”2 which of the following was the result of the Act of Union, 1707″?

  1. Unification of Germany
  2. Unification of the kingdom of Great Britain
  3. Unification of Italy
  4. Unification of Vietnam

Question”3 Identify the correct statement with regard to the ” Zollverein from the following options”

  1. It was a coalition of Prussian states formed to manage political alliances
  2. its aim was to bind the Prussia politically into an association
  3. it was a customs union at the initiative of Prussia
  4. it helped to awaken and raise national sentiment in Europe’

Question”4 which of the following countries were involved in the three wars with Prussia and ended with victory and Unification of Germany?

  1. Austria Poland and France
  2. Austria Demark and France
  3. Austria Turkey and France
  4. Austria England and France

Question”5 Identify the Ideology under which people demanded freedom of markets in early-nineteenth- century Europe –

  1. Romanticism
  2. Liberalism
  3. Socialism
  4. Rationalism

Question”6 Choose the correctly matched pair about the crops and the areas they the grown in”

  1. Groundnut-Assam
  2. Tea- Gujrat
  3. Coffee-Karnataka
  4. Sugarcane -Chhattisgarh

Question”7 The piece of land left uncultivated for the past 1 to 5 agricultural years is called ———–

  1. Barren land
  2. Forest land
  3. Grazing land
  4. Fallow land

Question”8 which one of the following conferences convened to discuss environmental protection and socio-economic development at the global level in 1992″?

  1. Kyoto Protocol
  2. Montreal Protocol
  3. Rio de janeiro Earth Summit
  4. world summit on Sustainable Development

Question”9 India has land under a variety of relief features which of the following features ensure perennial flow of some rivers provide facilities for tourism and ecological aspects?

  1. Plains
  2. Plateaus
  3. Island
  4. Mountains

Question”10 which one of the following human activities has contributed significantly in land degradation?

  1. Deforestation
  2. Crop rotation
  3. shelter belts
  4. Ploughing

Question “11 which one of the following countries adopted Majoritarianism in their Constitution?

  1. Nepal
  2. India
  3. Sri lanka
  4. Bangladesh

Social science class 10 sample paper solution

Question”12 Identify the significant reason of power sharing from the following options”

  1. Reduces socio – economic conflicts
  2. Provides ethnic -cultural development
  3. Allows people to enjoy specific rights
  4. Restricts supremacy of one party

Question”13 Apart from the central and the state Government, Belgium has a third kind of Government as well Identify this third kind of government from the following options”

  1. Democratic government
  2. Socialist government
  3. Community Government
  4. Liberal Government

Question”14 which of the following countries is an Example of” coming together federation”?

  1. India
  2. Sri Lanka
  3. USA
  4. Belgium

Social science class 10 sample paper solution

Question”15 why is the power shared amongst different organs of government called as horizontal distribution of power ? Identify the correct reason

  1. It gives judiciary more power than legislature and executive
  2. it allows different organs of government to be placed at the same level
  3. It gives representation to different ideologies at political level
  4. it influences and coordinates in the decision -making Process

Question”16 In India’s federal system the central and the state governments have the power to legislate on all those subjects which are Included in the”

  1. Union list
  2. State list
  3. Concurrent list
  4. Residuary subjects

Question”17 which of the following states of India enjoy special powers under Article 371A of the Constitution of India”?

  1. Nagaland
  2. Rajasthan
  3. Himachal Pradesh
  4. Tamil Nadu

Question”18 which one the following is an example of Primary Sector Activity?

  1. Baking
  2. Outsourcing
  3. Farming
  4. Banking

Question”19 which of the following Measures the proportion of literate population in the seven and above age group?

  1. Net Attendance Ratio
  2. Enrolment Rate
  3. Literacy Rate
  4. Drop out Ration

Question”20 which one of the following is the correct Meaning of ” Average Income”?

  1. The total income of the country divided by its earning population
  2. the total income of the country divided by its total population
  3. the total income of all the residents of the country
  4. the total income from the domestic and foreign sources,

Question”21 which one of the following best describes human development Index (HDI)?

  1. Improvement in science , Information and technology
  2. Improvement in health education and income
  3. Improvement in information and communication
  4. Improvement in investment, Finance and technology

Question”22 Consequences of environmental degradation do not respect national or state boundaries” which of the following is the essence of this statement?”

  1. Economic development
  2. Human development
  3. Sustainable development
  4. National development

Question”23 which of the following examples fall under an Organized sector?

  1. A daily wage labour working for a contractor
  2. An engineer getting all employment benefits
  3. A cleaning staff in a private school
  4. A tailor Stiching clothes at his home

Question”24 Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005 states a guarantee of Minimum 100 days of employment per years if government is unable to fulfil these 100 days of an employment the government would have to —————

Choose the correct option:

  1. Pay the compensation in lieu of these days
  2. Provide another scheme for the same
  3. Pay at least 1/3 percent allowance
  4. Provide health care as compensation


(Attempt any 18 out of 22 Question )

Question”25 Following Image is the personification of Germany commonly associated with the Romantic Era and the Revolution of 1848 Identify its name from among the following options”

Social Science Official sample paper class 10
  1. Marianna
  2. Philip Viet
  3. Germania
  4. La Italia

Note: Following Question is for visually impaired candidates in lieu of Q25,

Identify the name of the Prussia king who was Proclaimed German Emperor in a ceremony held at Versailles,

  1. William I
  2. William II
  3. Henry VII
  4. Louis IV

Question”26 which of the following options (s) is /are Correct about Balkan Nationalism ?

I. The Balkan region became part of the conflict because of the Ottoman Empire

II. The region comprised of ethnic groups included Greeks, Serbs Montenegro etc

III. British and ethnic nationalities struggled to establish their identify,

  1. I and II
  2. II and III
  3. Only II
  4. Only I

Question”27 why did the weavers in Silesia revolt against contractors in 1845? Identify the appropriate reason from the following options”

  1. Contractors did not pay their dues
  2. Contractor appointed few on high posts
  3. Contractor used government policies
  4. Contractor gave them loans on high interests

Question”28 Identify the major aspect that helped in the formation of a nation-state in Britain

  1. In 1688 the monarch of Britain Fought war with English Parliament
  2. The parliament through a bloodless revolution seized power from the monarchy
  3. the British nation was formed as a result of a war with Ireland and wales
  4. The formation of a nation-state in Britain was the result of many revolts

Question”29 Identify the soil with the help of clues given below-

  • Develops in areas with high temperature and heavy rainfall
  • is low in humans content
  • Found in the hilly areas of Karnataka , Kerala and Tamil Nadu
  1. Forest soil
  2. Yellow soil
  3. Black soil
  4. Laterite soil

Social science class 10 sample paper solution

Question”30 which of the following categories of resources can we put Tidal energy in?

  1. Renewable resources
  2. Non-renewable resources
  3. Actual resources
  4. Potential resources

Question”31 Consider the following statements on power sharing and select the answer using the codes given below:

  • It is good democracy
  • it creates harmony in different groups
  • It brings transparency in the governance
  • It Brings socio-political competition among parties


  1. I,II and III
  2. II,III and Iv
  3. I, III and Iv
  4. I, II and IV

Question”32 How Judiciary acts as an umpire in a federal nation?”

  1. Judiciary rules over centre and state
  2. centre and judiciary work collectively
  3. courts can change structure of constitution
  4. courts use the power to interpret the constitution

Question”33 Two statements are given in the Question below as Assertion (A) and Reasoning (R) Read the statements and choose the appropriate option”

Assertion (A): Sri Lanka adopted Sinhala as the on official language of the state,

Reason (R) the Government of Sri Lanka wanted to foster their culture , language and Religion”


  1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct Explanation of A
  2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
  3. A is true but R is False
  4. A is False but R is true
Social Science sample paper class 10
Question 34

Question”35 Anita is appearing in an examination conducted for recruitment to central government positions in how many languages as mentioned in the 8th schedule can she opt to take the exam in ?” select the appropriate option

  1. 18
  2. 21
  3. 22
  4. 25

Question”36 Identify the administrative system of Indian Government with the help of the following Information”

  • Power shared between central and state government to Local governments
  • It is called as a third tier of the Government
  • The state Government are required to share some powers and revenue with them

Select the appropriate option from the following”

  1. Federal system
  2. Unitary Federal system
  3. Decentralised system
  4. Unitary system

Question”37 which of the following options prove that India is a quasi-federal state?”

  • More powers with centre
  • Residuary subjects with centre
  • Equal subjects with centre and states
  • Currency and Railways with Centre


  1. I, III and IV
  2. I, II and IV
  3. II, III and IV
  4. II, III and IV

Question”38 Identify the correct statement/s about the theory of Federalism in the Indian Constitution

  • The Constitution declared India as a Union of states
  • sharing of power between the Union Government and the state government is basic to the structure of the constitution
  • It is easy to make changes to this power sharing arrangement
  • The Parliament can on its own change this arrangement


  1. I and II
  2. II and III
  3. I and III
  4. II and IV

Social science class 10 sample paper solution

Question”39 Two statements are given in the question below as Assertion (A) and Reasoning (R) Read the statements and choose the appropriate option

Assertion (A) “Human Development mentions how much socio-economic development has happened in a country

Reason: (R) Comparison of national income of two countries explain human development Index


  1. Both A and R are true , and R is the correct explanation of A
  2. Both A and R are true , but R is not the correct explanation of A
  3. A is true but R is false
  4. A is false but R is true

Question”40 Choose the correct option from the following:

No. List I ( Example ) List II (sectors)
ACourier Tertiary sector
BFisherman Secondary sector
CCarpenter Primary sector
DTransporter Secondary sector
Choose the correct option from the following:

Question”41 Read the following data and information carefully and select the most appropriate answer from the given options”


(Monthly Income of Citizen in 2007 (in Rupees)
country A 95001050098001000010200
Country B 50050050050048000
Country C 5000100015000400025000

Rita is an employee of a multinational company who gets transferred to different countries after every three years of service she has been given an opportunity to choose any one out of the three countries mentioned in the table above as her next job location she calculates average income of all these countries as per the given data and chooses to be transferred to country A

Identify the reason for which Rita has chosen country A

  1. Most of its citizen are rich and stable
  2. has most equitable distribution of income
  3. National income of its citizen is higher
  4. Average income of its citizen is lower

Question”42 Vijay is undernourished as his weight is 45 kgs and his height is 1.78 meters find out his body mass index (BMI) from the following options

  1. 12.6
  2. 13.5
  3. 14.7
  4. 15.2

Question”43 A woman works at a sweet shop in her village on a contract basis and gets meagre salary after working the entire day she doesn’t get any holidays or paid leave rather her employer deducts her salary whenever she is absent from work fid out in which of the following sectors she is working ?”

  1. Primary sector
  2. Service sector
  3. Organized sector
  4. Unorganised sector

Question”44 According to 2017-2018 data, the share of different sectors in employment (percentage ) in India was

  • Primary sector-44%
  • Secondary sector -25%
  • Tertiary sector -31%

Out of the three sectors, why did the ratio of employment in primary sector high? select the most suitable option from the following:

  1. Workers in the primary sector are underemployed
  2. Low job opportunities in secondary sector
  3. Efforts of labour are not equivalent in all the sector
  4. Outsourcing of job opportunities in secondary sector

Question:45 Two statements are given in the question below as assertion (A) and Reasoning (R) Read the statements and choose the appropriate option

Assertion (A) :Crude oil reserves in the entire world are depleting, we need to find a sustainable for it,

Reason (R) :oil and petrol prices are increasing day by day


  1. Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
  2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
  3. A is true R is false
  4. A is false But R is true

Question”46 A man is employed on a food processing farm where he has to do a lot of manual work his wife and daughter also help in his work on the farm every day of which type of employment is this an example?

  1. Disguised employment
  2. Seasonal employment
  3. over employment
  4. Cyclical employment


( Attempt any 5 out of 6 question in each of the case based question )

Read the source given below and answer any 5 of the 6 question that follow by choosing the most appropriate option”

Grimms fairy Tales is a familiar name in Germany the brother jacob and wilhelm Grimm were born in the German city of Hanau while both of them studied law they soon developed an interest in collecting old falktales they spent six years travelling from village to village talking to people and writing down fairy tales which were handed down through the generation these were popular both among children and adults,

In 1812, they published their first collection of tales subsequently both the brothers became active in liberal politics especially the movement for freedom of the press In the meantime they also published a 33 -volume dictionary of the German language

The Grimm brothers also saw french domination as a threat to German culture and believed that the folktales they had collected were expressions of a pure and authentic German spirit they considered their projects of collecting folktales and developing the German language as part of the wider effort to oppose French domination and create a German national identify

Question”47 why did the Grimm brother give the tales a readable form without changing their folkloric character? choose the correct options from the following

  1. The collection enjoyed wide distribution in Germany
  2. it became a model for the collecting of fantasy tales
  3. It formed the basis for the science of the language
  4. people easily accepted their written adventurous tales

Question”48 The impact of liberary contributions of Grimm brothers was widespread Identify the best suitable option depicting the same from the following ”

  1. Development of cities and towns
  2. setting up of new political parties
  3. Promotion of ethic belonging
  4. Emergence of socialist ideology

Question”49 Fill in the blank from the given options

The work of the Grimm brothers influenced and inspired people to collect tales they believed in a spirit of —————- and considered it essential for the reflection of national identify

  1. Culturalism
  2. Conservatism
  3. Extremism
  4. Liberalism

Question”50 why the foreign domination was considered a threat to nation building? select the best suitable option from the following in reference to the context,

  1. Exploitation of natural resources
  2. Erosion of native values and ethos
  3. Violence and mass killing of people
  4. spread of new disease in the country

Question”51 how were the Germans able to connect with their culture? with reference to the above context infer the appropriate option”

  1. Through the feeling of formal way
  2. through the feeling of oneness as European community
  3. through the feeling of collective belonging among nationals
  4. through the feeling of coherence in reference to mannerism

Question”52 Two statements are given in the question below as Assertion (A) and Reasoning (R) Read the statements and choose the appropriate

Assertion:” Regimes of 1815 did not tolerate Criticism and dissent

Reason : (R) Conservative regimes were autocratic


  1. Both A and R true and R is the correct explanation of A
  2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
  3. A is true but R is false
  4. A is false but R is true

Read the source given below and answer any 5 of the 6 question that follow by choosing the most appropriate option”

There has been a gradual shift from cultivation of food crops cultivation of fruits vegetables oil- seeds and industrial crops this has led to the reduction in net sown area under cereals and pules with the growing population of India the declining food production puts a big question mark over the country’s future food security ,

The competition for land between non-argricultural uses such as housing etc, and agricultural has resulted in reduction in the net sown area the productivity of land has started shoiwng a declining trend Fertilisers pesticides and insecticides which once showed dramatic results are now being held responsible for degrading the soils periodic scarcity of water has led to reduction in area under irrigation inefficient water management has led to water logging and salinity ,

Social science class 10 sample paper solution

Question”53 One can infer from the above given information that marginal and small farmers have been pushed out of cultivation which one of the following is the Prominent cause?

  1. Food and fruit crops are expensive in market
  2. shift to multifarious crops according to demand
  3. periodic scarcity of water in many regions
  4. soil degradation and extensive green Revolution

Question”54 Read the following statements and find the INCORRECT from the given options”

I. Indian farmers are diversifying their cropping pattern

II. They are shifting production from cereals to fruits vegetables, etc

III. Jute in high demand in the Indian market


  1. I and II
  2. II and III
  3. III only
  4. II only

Question”55 According to the information given above there has been reduction in the net sown area under cereals and pules Identify the reason

  1. Lack of markets to sell cereals and pules
  2. Earn more income from Non-agricultural sector
  3. Need of huge labour in cultivating cereals and pules
  4. Availability of more profits from commercial crops

Question”56 Fertilisers pesticides insecticides which once showed dramatic results are now being held responsible for degrading the soil infer the positive effects of these inputs noticed earlier from the following statements

  1. these inputs have shown increased outputs and productivity
  2. these are integral to the process of reducing agrarian losses
  3. these inputs can cut the amount of harvestable produce
  4. These are the leading causes of mortality and health problems

Question”57 These are states in india which are using Fertilisers pesticides and insecticides at excessive level to increase their agricultural production Identify the states which are at Prominent level from the following options

  1. Karnataka and kerala
  2. Haryana and punjab
  3. Punjab and Gujrat
  4. Haryana and Telangana

Question”58 Food production provides the base for food security and is a key determinant of food availability why is this trends shifting towards industrial crops? choose the correct option in reference to the context,

  1. To improve the land use pattern
  2. To use intensive farming techniques
  3. To improve the fertility of soil
  4. To fetch more income and high profit
Q no Answer
25C AND A54A

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