Glimpses of India class 10 chapter 7 English First Flight summary Question and Answer
Glimpses of India -Here is class 10 English First Flight chapter 7 Glimpses of India summary and Detailed Explanation of the lesson. along with meaning of difficult words. Also Explanation is followed by a summary of the lesson. All the Exercises and Question and Answer given at the back of the lesson has been covered .
Glimpses of India class 10 Introduction
Lucio Rodrigues told about traditional Goa village baker who still has Goan important place in society elders still think fondly of the famous Portuguese loaves of bread. the family traditional is still carried. even today by the new generation of bakers or Pads in Goa. Even today marriage gifts are meaningless without sweet bread or the bol, just as a party or feast loses its charm with Goan. bread.
Glimpses of India class 10 About the Author
Lucio Rodrigues (1916-73) was a great Konkani essayist he wrote several articles in English and Konkani to various periodicals and magazines. Subtle humour and informal narration are the essential features of his writings. A’ baker from Goa. revolves around the relevance of a baker in the Goan culture which dates back to the time when Portuguese ruled over the city of Goa.
Glimpses of India class 10 Main points
- Author-Lucio Rodrigues
- A pen -Portrait ( A written description ) of a traditional Goan baker.
- Narrator’s elder-Often heard reminiscing nostalgically (Thinking fondly of past) Good old Portuguese days the Portuguese and their famous loaves of bread.
- Eaters of loaves-Vanished but the makers are still there .
- Still have- Mixers. the Moulders and those who bake the loaves. -Age -old time tested furnaces still exist.
- The thud and Jingle– Traditional baker’s bamboo. heralding (Announcing) his arrival in the morning. still be heard in some places.
- Baker-known as Pader in Goa.
- During narrator’s childhood. baker-Friend companion and guide.
- Loaves-Bought by some Paskine or Bastine (Maid-servant) of the hours.
- Children–Longed for -bread bangles (sweet bread of special make.)
Glimpses of India class 10 Explanation
A Baker From Goa
This is a pen-portrait of a traditional Goan village baker who still has an important in his society. Our elders are often heard reminiscing nostalgically about those good old Portuguese days. the Portuguese and their famous loaves of bread. those eaters of loaves might have vanished but the makers are still there. we still have amongst us the mixers. the moulders and those who bake the loaves. those age-old time-tested furnaces still exist. the fire in the furnaces has not yet been extinguished . the thud and Jingle of
The Traditional baker’s bamboo, heralding his arrival in the morning can still be heard in some places. maybe the father is not alive but the son still carries on the family profession. these bakers are, even today known as pader in Goa.
During our Childhood in Goa. the baker used to be our friend. companion and guide. he used to come at least twice a day once, when he set out in the morning on his selling round. and then again. when he returned after emptying his huge basket. the Jingling thud of his bamboo woke us up from sleep
And we ran to meet and greet him. why was it so? what it for the love of the loaf? Not at all. the loaves were bought by some Paskine or Bastine. the maid-servant of the house ! what we longed for were those bread-bangles which we chose carefully. sometimes it was sweet bread of special make.
The baker made his musical entry on the scene with the Jhang. Jhang sound of his specially made bamboo staff. one hand supported the basket on his head and the other banged the bamboo on the ground. he would greet the lady of the house with Good Morning “
And then place his basket on the vertical bamboo. we kids would be pushed aside with a mild rebuke and the loaves would be delivered to the servant .but we would not give up, we would climb a bench or the parapet and peep into the basket. somehow. I can still recall the typical fragrance of those loaves, Loaves for the elders and the bangles for the children.
Then we did not even care to brush loaves. our teeth or wash our mouths properly. and why should we? who would take the trouble of Plucking the Mango-leaf for the toothbrush? and why was it. necessary at all? the tiger never brushed his teeth. hot tea could wash and clean up everything so nicely. after all!
Marriage gifts are meaningless without the sweet bread known as the bol, just as a party or a feast loses its charm without bread. Not enough can be said to show how important a baker can be for a village. the lady of the house must prepare sandwiches on the occasion of her daughter’s engagement .cakes and bolinhas are a must for Christmas as well as other festivals thus the presence of the baker’s furnace in the village is absolutely essential.
The baker or bread-seller of those days had a peculiar dress known as the Kabai, it was a single-piece long frock reaching down to the knees. In our childhood we saw bakers wearing a shirt and trousers which were shorter than full-length ones and longer than half pants. Even today, anyone who wears a half pant which reaches just below the knees invites the comment that he is dressed like a pader!
The Baker usually collected his bills at the end of the month. monthly accounts used to be recorded on some wall in Pencil. banking was indeed a profitable profession in the old days. the baker and his family never starved .he his family and his servants always looked happy and prosperous. their plump physique was an open testimony to this. Even today any person with a jackfruit-like physical appearance is easily compared to a baker.
Coorg is coffee country. famous for its rainforests and spices.
Midway between Mysore and the coastal town of Mangalore sits a piece of heaven that must have drifted from the kingdom of god. this land of rolling hills is inhabited by a proud race of martial men. beautiful women and wild creatures.
Coorg or Kodagu, the smallest district of Karnataka, it home to evergreen rainforests spices and coffee plantation Evergreen rainforests cover thirty percent of this district. During the monsoons, it pours enough to keep many visitors away. the season of joy commences from
September. and continues till march. the weather is perfect. with some showers thrown in for good measure. the air breathes of invigorating coffee. coffee estates and colonial bungalow stand tucked under tree canopies in prime corners.
The Fiercely Independent people of Coorg are possibly of Greek or Arabic descent. as one story goes, a part of Alexander’s army moved south along the coast and settled here when return became impractical .these people married amongst the locals and their culture is apparent in the martial traditions, marriage and religious rites. which are distinct from the Hindu Mainstream. the theory of Arab Origin draws support from the long, black coat
With an embroidered waist-belt worn by the Kodavus. known as Kuppia, it resembles the Kuffa worn by the Arabs and the Kurds.
Coorgi homes have a tradition of hospitality. and they are more than willing to recount numerous tales of valour related to their sons and fathers. the Coorg Regiment is one of the most decorated in the Indian. Army and the first chief of the Indian Army, General Cariappa was a Coorgi. Even now Kodavus are the only people in Indian permitted to carry firearms without a licence.
The river. Kaveri obtains its water from the hills and forests of Coorg. Mahaseer a large freshwater fish abound in these waters. Kingfishers dive for their catch. while squirrels and langurs drop partially eaten. fruit for the mischief of enjoying the splash and the ripple effect in the clear water. Elephants enjoy being bathed and scrubbed in the river by their mahouts.
The Most laidback Individuals become coverts to the life of high-energy adventure with river rafting canoeing rappelling. rock climbing and mountain biking Numerous walking trails in this region are a favourite with trekkers.
Birds bees and butterflies are there to give you company. Macaques. Malabar squirrels, langurs and slender loris keep a watchful eye from the tree canopy, I do however prefer to step aside for wild elephants, the climb to the Brahmagiri hills brings you into a panoramic view of the entire misty landscape of Coorg.
A walk across the rope bridge leads to the sixty-four-acre island of Nisargadhama, Running into Buddhist monks from India’s largest Tibetan settlement at nearby Bylakuppe, is a bonus, the monks in red ochre and yellow robes. are amongst the many surprises that wait to be discovered by visitors searching for the heart and soul of India, right here in Coorg.
Tea From Assam
Pranjol, a youngster Assam, is Rajbir’s classmate at school in Delhi. Pranjol’s father is the manager of a tea-garden in upper Assam and pranjol has invited Rajvir to visit his during the summer vacation.
Chai-Garam. Garam-chai a vendor called out in a high-pitched voice he came up to their window and asked ‘ chai sai’ab ? Give us two cups’ Pranjol said.
They sipped the steaming hot liquid. Almost everyone in their compartment was drinking tea. too. Do you know that over eighty crore cups of tea are drunk every day throughout the world?” Rajvir said. whew ! exclaimed Pranjol’ tea really is very popular.
The train pulled out of the station. Pranjol buried his nose in his detective book again. Rajvir too was an ardent fan of detective stories. but a the moment he was keener on looking at the beautiful scenery. it was green, green everywhere Rajvir had never seen so much greenery before. then the soft green paddy fields gave way to tea bushes.
It was a magnificent view. Against the backdrop of densely wooded hills a sea of tea bushes stretched as far as the eye could see. dwarfing the tiny tea plants were tall sturdy shade-trees and amidst the orderly rows of bushes busily moved doll-like figures.
In the distance was an ugly building with smoke billowing out of fall chimneys hey’ a tea garden Rajvir cried excitedly Pranjol who had been born and brought up on a plantation didn’t share Rajvir’s excitement . Oh this is tea country now’ he said Assam has the largest concentration of plantation in the world.
You will see enough garden to last you a lifetime tea. Rajvir said, no one really knows who discovered tea but there are many legends . what legends”? well’ there’s the one about the Chinese emperor who always boiled water before drinking it. one day a few leaves of the twigs burning flavour.
It is said they were tea leaves’ tell me another ! scoffed Pranjol we have an Indian legend too. Bodhidharma. an ancient buddhist ascetic. cut off his eyelids because he felt sleepy during meditation. ten tea plants grew out of the eyelids.
The leaves of these plants when put in hot water and drunk banished sleep. tea’ was first drunk In china , Rajvir added. as far back as 2700. B.C In fact words such as Europe only in the sixteenth century. and was drunk more as medicine than as beverage.
The train clattered into Mariani junction .the boys collected their luggage and pushed their way to the crowded platform. Pranjol’s parents were waiting for them. soon they were driving towards Dhekiabari. the tea-garden managed by Pranjol’s father . an hour later the car veered sharply off the main road.
They crossed a cattle-bridge and entered Dhekiabari tea Estate. on both sides of the gravel-road were acre upon acre of tea bushes. all nearly pruned to the same height. Group of tea-pluckers. with bamboo baskets on their backs. wearing plastic aprons. were plucking the newly sprouted leaves.
Pranjol’s father slowed down to allow a tractor, pulling a trailer-load of tea leaves, to pass this is the second-flush or sprouting period. isn’t it Mr Barua? Rajvir asked. it lasts from may to July and yields the best tea. you seem to have done your homework before coming ‘ Pranjol ‘s father said in surprise. yes’ Mr Barua. Rajvir admitted ‘ But I hope to learn much more while I’m here”
Glimpses of India class 10 summary
The story begin with the narrators elders Memorising fondly time when leaves of bread were very famous during the reign of. portuguese over Goa. bakers also known as paders’ still occupy on important place in the villages of goa. the mixes, moulders and the furnances are still there for making bread leaves. The thud and jingle sound made by a baker with his bamboo stick can still be heard in some parts of the village. the writers tells that the same sound used to wake him up during his childhood days. the narrator furthers narrates that the bakers visited twice a day his one hand supported
The basket on his head and the others one carried the bamboo stick. the narrator and his friends would try to deep into his basket but it was the maid-servant who collected the loaves while kids used to look for bread bangles (a sweat bread specially bakes. ) The accounts were generally settled on monthly basis Presence of a baker was felt on every occasion marriage gift were meaning less without the sweat bread bol. bread was mast for any party. mother used to prepare sandwiches for the occasion of her daughter’s engagement and cakes and bolinahs were made for Christmas.
Earlier the bakers wore a special dress known as kabai. it was a single piece frock of knee length but during narrators, childhood they used to wear a shirt with half pants. bakers and even their servant led a joyful like as they earned well their plump bodies were the proof of their prospores life.
Glimpses of India class 10 Question and Answer
Question:1 what are the elders in Goa nostalgic about ?
Answer: The elders in Goa are nostalgic about the Portuguese and their loaves of bread.
Question :2 How do they remember it?
Answer: They remember about it fondly .
Question:3 what equipment do the Goa people still own there ?
Answer: They still have amongst them the mixtures, the moulders and time-tested furnaces and those who bake the loaves.
Question:4 what are those bakers known in Goa?
Answer: Those bakers are known as pader’ In Goa.
Question:5 what does the thud and Jingle of the traditional baker’s bamboo indicate ?
Answer: It indicates the announcement of the arrival of the baker in the morning.
Question:6 I bread-making still popular in Goa? how do you know?
Answer :Bread-making is still popular in Goa. we can see the mixers. the moulders and those who bake the loaves. most of their festival and other occasions will become meaningless without the loaves of the bread. the ladies of the house prepare sandwiches on the occasion of their daughter’s engagement.
Question:7 was baking a profitable profession ?
Answer: Yes, baking was really a profitable profession as the bread was an important par of the food of the Goan people. the bakers earned well and kept servants. their families looked happy and prosperous. they never starved.
Question:8 what indicates the presence of the patters still in Goa?
Answer :The presence of the’ paders In’ Goa even today is indicated by the fact that still there are mixers. the moulders and those who bake three loaves. Moreover. those age-old time-tested furnaces still exist.
Question:9 why would the children run to meet and greet the baker?
Answer: The Jingling thud of the baker’s bamboo would wake up the children from their sleep. they would run to meet and greet him to get bread bangles or sometimes sweet bread of special make.
Question:10 Describe the pen-portrait of a traditional Goan village baker.
Answer: There is a deep impact of Portuguese culture on Goan. life the baker is also a part of this culture. they are known as Paders in Goa. when author was a child. one could see the traditional baker in the village he used to be friend of children. he visited the house twice a day. children arose with the sound of thud and Jingle of the bamboo in the morning. they would run to greet him. children were fond of sweet bread and the bread bangles. the ladies of the house bought the bread. bakers were professional and it was a family business. it was a profitable business and most of the bakers were plump. they had their peculiar traditional dress called Kabai.
Question:11 Rodrigues describe his childhood and the baker of Goa. what does her remember so fondly about these bakers?
what, according to the author. do the elders of Goa think fondly about the past?
Answer: Rodrigues describes his childhood and old Portuguese days and their famous loaves of bread. the bakers are known pader in Goa. the writer remembers a baker fondly the baker would come at least twice a day or selling his bread. the Jingling thud of his bamboo would wake the children and they would wake the children and they would run to meet and greet him. the children longed for his visit for those bread-bangles or sometimes for sweet bread of special make. the baker would greet the lady of the house with good’ morning then he would place his basket on the vertical bamboo, he collected the bill at the end of the month.
Glimpses of India class 10 MCQs
Question:1 why do the elder think about their past ?
- They miss the good old days.
- They remember their bad days.
- They think younger are slow.
- None of the above
Question:2 How is the family profession still carried ?
- Their nephew
- their sons
- their workers
- None of the above
Question:3 which one of the following task is done by baker?
- Baker the loaves
- bake the dough
- bake the mould
- None of the above
Question:4 what does the narrator still remember ?
- Typical Fragrance of the loaves
- Typical Fragrance of the dough
- typical fragrance of the Mould
- None of the above
Question:5 which word in the following means the same as’ sweet smell?
- Good morning
- None of the above
Question:6 where were the monthly accounts of the baker recorded?
- In a , copy with a pencil
- On a wall, with a pencil
- On a board with a pencil
- None of the above
Question:7 what is referred to as’ piece of heaven ?
- Swimming Pool
- None of the above
Question:8 where is Coorg situated?
- between Mysore and the coastal town of bangalore.
- between Mysore and the coastal town of Mangalore.
- Between Mangalore. and the coastal town of Bangalore.
- None of the above
Question:9 what type people inhabit this land of rolling hills?
- Martial Man
- Evergreen Man
- Mountain Man
- None of the above
Question:10 which planation is popular there ?
- Tea Plantation
- Coffee Plantation
- wheat Plantation
- None of the above
Glimpses of India class 10 Message of the story
- Importance of Bakers in Goa.
- Traditions, heritage, values and practices are the roots that nourish us,
- History is the mirror through which we can relive our past.